Dr. or PhD Degree. What to choose when studying?

Dr. or PhD?

If you have your bachelor’s and master’s degree behind you but don’t want to leave university, it’s a good idea to work in research and development. To do this, you need a promotional place – and there are more and more of them. This is the reaction to the demand of the growing number of students in the UK. However, science and research are also becoming more and more important internationally. This may even give you the chance to link the promotion to a stay abroad.

What does a Dr. or PhD bring?

Anyone who thinks the PhD only provides recognition or adorns your own name is wrong. A doctorate not only opens doors in medical professions or in the scientific sector. Lawyers and economists also earn noticeably more with a title or even gain access to higher positions. For humanities scholars, the title, unfortunately, means hardly any increase in salary, but you can do research in a sector that interests you, or even work at the chair.

Conceptual distinction

While the classical degree of the Doctor is common, in English-speaking countries there is mainly talk of the PhD, i.e. the Philosophical Doctorate. This is derived from the Latin Philosophiae doctor, which comes from the ancient tradition of science but today has nothing to do with the subject of philosophy. Instead, the title entitles you to independent and solely responsible teaching at a university.

However, the PhD in English language is not to be equated with a doctorate in medical subjects. This is an MD-PhD awarded only to Schools of Medicine. The PhD usually still has the addition ‘ in ‘, which indicates in which subject one has obtained the title. Sometimes when you try to get a PhD you need to get some assistance from professional PhD writing services and it makes sense.

PhD or Dr. what suits you?

Even if the PhD is standing abroad for work on an equal footing with the professors, you are of course not allowed to generalize this. There can be big differences in doctoral studies both abroad and at UK universities. If you have a choice between the two options, it is important that you think about your future. This includes, for example, the question of where you would like to work later. You should also ask yourself if you want to go abroad for this time.

If you answer no, but the PhD still suits you better, you can look for suitable programs in the UK, which already exist.

Specialist literature is usually recommended for each lecture

Here I put together literature that is worth looking into, but which does not fit properly with any single event in mathematics studies.

This list is under construction. The first year is given. Some of the books have newer editions.

– George Polya: 1. From solving mathematical tasks (1966) 2nd mathematics and plausible closing (1969)

Highly recommended books on how to ‘ get on it ‘, how to tackle mathematical problems and finally perhaps find a solution.
The Road to Reality: A Complete Guide to the Laws of the Universe (2005)-Roger Penrose
A remarkable book in which there is a lot of mathematics (from the 1st to the 20th semester and on), often explained from unusual perspectives.

– Georg Glaeser and Konrad Polthier: Images of Mathematics (2009)

Many beautiful pictures from different fields of mathematics. With (mostly to) short explanations and further references to literature.

– Pierre Basieux: The Architecture of Mathematics–Thinking in Structures (2000)

Explanations of many basic concepts encountered in the introductory lectures of mathematics–more detailed than is usually possible in these lectures.

– Imre Lakatos: Evidence and Reductions–The Logic of Mathematical Discoveries (1979)

In a Platonic dialogue, the process of mathematical research–making, improving, discarding, seeking evidence, etc.–is presented on the basis of relatively simple questions. Deep and entertaining.

– By John Stillwell: Mathematics and its History (1989)

Pythagoras, polynomas, number theory, infinite rows, geometry, topology, group theory, combinatorics, etc.: A look at the most important topics of mathematics and how they are related and have historically emerged. Due to the overview character and the emphasis on the relationships of different ‘ areas ‘ a very useful addition to the study.

– Victor Klee and Stan Wagon: Old and new unsolved problems in the number theory and geometry of the level (1997)

Many pretty, ‘ classical ‘ mathematical problems, which can be formulated in elementary terms, but whose solution is usually difficult or still unknown; And which were important for the development of mathematics and should, therefore, be part of the general knowledge of every mathematician. Explanations of the problems and the known solutions.

– Dmitry Fuchs and Serge Tabachnikov: A Graph of Mathematics–30 Lectures on Classical Mechanics (2011)

An exciting collection of short essays on topics from many fields of mathematics sophisticated yet understandable for a wide range of readers. For example,the a wonderful proof of the insolubility of the equation of the 5th degree by radicals, which is understandable by school.

– Kevin Houston: How to Think Mathematically (2012)

An introduction to mathematical working technology for new students.

– David Hilbert and Stephan Cohn-Vossen: Vivid geometry (1932)

A strange contradiction pervades mathematics studies: Geometry shapes the modern mathematical language and world of thought in large pa

10 Interesting writers and their books

Be it as an e-book, audiobook, on a tablet or classically in print: Books are a wonderful way to immerse yourself in other worlds, to find new inspiration or to digress with thoughts and to enjoy the multifaceted forms of literature. Here are ten classics of world literature that you should have read at some point in your life:

1. Jack Kerouac – “On the Road” (1957)

The autobiographical novel is considered the “Beat Generation” manifesto par excellence. Kerouac wrote his best-known work in just three weeks, creating a travel novel that continues to inspire free spirits and fortune seekers to this day.

2. Vladimir Nabokov – “Lolita” (1955)

In prudish 1950s America, Nabokov’s novel about paedophile Humbert Humbert sparked a scandal. At the same time, the work is much more than the psychological representation of a morally questionable relationship. “Lolita” is a book that becomes an exciting novelty experience every time it is read.

3. Umberto Eco – “The Name of the Rose” (1980)

With his debut, Eco made his breakthrough as a writer. Set in a Benedictine abbey in 1327, the novel is considered a typical example of postmodern writing, as it unites several genres and offers countless possibilities for interpretation. exciting!

4.Jane Austen – “Pride and Prejudice” (1813)

In the book toplists of world literature, female authors are a rarity. All the more we recommend the reading of Austen’s most famous work: The love story around Elizabeth Bennet and Fitzwilliam Darcy reveals the states of society at the turn of the century from the 18th century to the 19th century as vivid and stirring as no other.

5. Günther Grass – “The Tin Drum” (1959)

Grass became world famous with his portrayal of the chewy Oskar Mazerath, who stops growing at the age of three. The novel is the first part of Grass’s “Gdansk Trilogy” and is considered one of the most important works of postwar literature.

6. Franz Kafka – “The Transformation” (1915)

Although Kafka’s “transformation” is rather unpopular as school reading, the narrative of Gregor Samsa waking up one morning as a beetle in his bed provides a story in which many find themselves at some point in their lives: After developing into a new form of his I meet with rejection from Samsa’s family and society. A story of otherness and the search for acceptance.

7. George Orwell – “1984” (1949)

The main character Winston Smith lives in a totalitarian dictatorship. This literary example of an unpleasant surveillance state is often cited even in modern times as a reminder of the fatal consequences of such “Big Brother” systems. A novel that leaves a lasting impression.

8. Albert Camus – “The Stranger” (1942)

With his novel “The Stranger,” Camus provided a literary work that is more relevant today and encourages the reader to reflect on his own and the foreign, xenophobia and enemy images. Set in 1930s Algeria, the novel is considered one of the most important works of the 20th century.

9. James Joyce – “Ulysses” (1922)

At around 800 pages, Joyce’s “Ulysses” is definitely not an easy fare. Still, the novel is worth the time and effort: Echoing Homer’s Odyssey, Joyce’s protagonist Leopold Bloom wanders through Dublin on June 16, 1904 – a literary work that reading fans worldwide honour every year with the “Bloomsday” on that very date.

10. Milan Kundera – “The Unbearable Lightness of Being” (1984)

Kundera’s global success is far more than the love story surrounding protagonists Teresa and Tomas. Rather, in his multi-layered novel, the exiled author reveals the peculiarities of the individual and the influence of individual people on their environment in the time-historical context of the Prague Spring. A novel that continues to thrill.

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Efficient reading and writing skills – for Academic Purposes

Most people associate studying and academics in general with boredom, drudgery, and difficulty. With this attitude, a good number of them hardly ever study unless they have a test in a few days – or hours.

If you never consciously pay attention to developing your study skills (reading and writing skills), your academic performance is bound to suffer. Even if you do well enough, you’ll always instinctively know that you are not fulfilling your potential.


Learning to read and write well is crucial if you desire to be a well-rounded human being. However, most of us perform so poorly in the class because we ignore to teach ourselves these important skills.

Academic performance is measured by how good we are at:
• Listening and understanding
• Reading and understanding
• Writing what we understand

Therefore, the importance of these skills cannot be overstated. You will have a hard time learning if you never become good at them.


Reading skills:

At institutions of higher learning, you are required to read a lot of material, often within a short period of time. How can you best get the most out of your reading?

Here are the different kinds of reading and how you can improve on each:

a) Skimming and Scanning

This involves quickly going through a piece of literature to determine whether it will be useful and relevant to your subject.

Step 1: Understand what you are looking for and use it to weed out useless information.
Step 2: Examine the table of contents to determine whether the resource has what you need.
Step 3: If your text doesn’t have a table of contents, go through topics and subtopics and read the first paragraphs of the initial, middle, and final chapters. You may need to do this even when you go through step 2 successfully.

b) Detailed Reading

This involves going through the material word by word to gather information. Writing short notes as you do so will be necessary.

The best way to read in-depth should go like this:

Step 1: Break down the content into smaller manageable bits. Allocate time to each section.
Step 2: Read in a conducive atmosphere and take notes while you read.


Academic Writing Basics:

Learn how to read first! The best writers are also the best readers. Writing is important because it provides you with a means to express your thoughts. You will be required to write essays, answers, and dissertations throughout your college life.

Follow these simple steps to improve your writing skills:

Step 1: Read regularly – to amass the content that you are going to write, you need to go through many sources. As you read, pay attention to how the writer structures their work, chooses their words and punctuates their text. This is the basis by which you will learn new words and polish your grammar. If you want to write a dissertation, you can buy dissertation at UniTutor and learn how the experts do their writing.
Step 2: Write in a clear and concise manner. Avoid being too wordy.
Step 3: Learn how to reference your work – This will be crucial when you are finalizing your writing. Familiarize yourself with the rules of the standard (APA, MLA, Chicago, etc.) your tutor uses.

Bonus Tips on Academic Writing

1. Avoid using these words: very, a lot, so, really
2. Avoid contractions: Instead of “don’t”, say “do not.”
3. Use active voice instead of passive voice

Bonus tips YouTube Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GgkRoYPLhts

Tips for Effective Reading

Regular reading is essential for everyone. This will help you develop your knowledge, skills and perspectives. It is often done by different groups of people for different purposes. Some read to deepen their knowledge;

Others do this to improve their language skills; Others do it for happiness. It does not matter what the purpose is, the habit helps everyone to improve their personality in many ways.

Differentiate between total understanding and overall impact

In some cases, you will need to understand the subject completely in the content that you need to read. For example, if you work in the finance team and there are changes in accounting rules, then a detailed level of understanding will be important. On the other hand, when it comes to production processes and in finance, general understanding can be all necessary. When you need to read something, be sure to understand whether you need total understanding or general impression.

Always take notes

Need to take notes for effective reading. It is very important to take notes for several reasons. In fact, it will read your conscience and will allow you to focus and follow whatever really is. It helps you get acquainted with the whole theme and the whole theme of the subject. This allows you to analyze some problems and delusions that may appear during reading. It also includes a summary of the whole story.

It is important to write notes with specific details plotted in the digits. It will be very useful in the future. After reading the whole thing, try to write some comments on all the misconceptions coming back to you.

Keep a dictionary next to you

You should always keep your vocabulary or dictionary while reading This can be very useful because you will definitely find some great technical words that can be very difficult to understand. Keep this physical side in mind when you read, because you really need reliable references that help you understand better reading.

Make a summary or a recap

After reading briefly summarized or summarized is also important. The summary is also necessary if you want to organize clear notes of content. It can also help you because it allows you to see if you have understood it well or if you need more time to read it again. This is a very useful strategy when you have to understand the content more with your words compared to the author’s difficult words.

Reading through words is a bad habit of reading and, unfortunately, children are taught to read and learn traditionally. Overcoming this habit will increase the ability of the person to read. The problem with reading words by word is that the reader will not understand the general concept in the text, because it will focus on different words. Techniques are related to reading blocks of pieces or words at the same time and to capture the essence of these groups of words. When you learn to read more words in the block and you understand, you read them fast. The best way to keep a book is to keep it slightly ahead of your eyes.

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